Husayn Mcmahon Agreement

[3.] The McMahon-Hussein correspondence July 14, 1915 – March 10, 1916. Available at: www1.udel.edu/History-old/figal/Hist104/assets/pdf/readings/13mcmahonhussein.pdf The Sykes-Picot Agreement between the United Kingdom and France was negotiated from late November 1915 until its agreement in principle on 3 January 1916. The French government became aware of the United Kingdom`s correspondence with Hussein in December 1915, but it was not aware that formal commitments had been made. [36] A. We are bound by the principles of the Anglo-French Agreement of 1916 [Sykes-Picot], renouncing any claim to the dominant influence in Syria. B. Our agreements with King Hussein… we are committed to supporting the creation of an Arab state or a federation of states from which we cannot exclude the purely Arab parts of Syria and Palestine. C. In any case, we supported the principle of a Jewish house in Palestine and, although the initial outlines of the Zionist programme were far exceeded by the proposals that were presented to the Congress for Peace, we are still committed to a great support for Zionism. The agreement was discovered in December 1917; it was made public by the Bolsheviks after the Russian revolution, which shows that the countries planned to divide and occupy parts of the promised Arab country. Hussein was pleased with two malondic telegrams from Sir Reginald Wingate, who had replaced McMahon as High Commissioner of Egypt, to assure him that British commitments to the Arabs were still valid and that the Sykes-Picot agreement was not a formal treaty.

[37] After the publication of the Sykes-Picot agreement by the Russian government, McMahon resigned. [38] In 1917, the United Kingdom issued the Balfour Declaration and promised to support the creation of a national home for the Jewish people in Palestine. [40] The declaration and correspondence, as well as the Sykes-Picot Convention, are often considered jointly by historians, as they may be incompatible, particularly with regard to the disposition of Palestine. [41] According to Albert Hourani, founder of the Middle East Centre at St Antony`s College, Oxford; «The argument on the interpretation of these agreements is impossible to put an end to because they should have more than one interpretation.» [42] The United Kingdom and France have decided to recognize the provisional independence of Syria and Mesopotamia. Provisional recognition of Palestinian independence was not mentioned. France had decided to govern Syria directly and had taken steps to enforce the French mandate for Syria before the conditions were accepted by the Council of the League of Nations. The French militarily intervened the Battle of Maysalun in June 1920, dispossessed the indigenous Arab government and dispossessed King Faisal of Damascus in August 1920. [60] In Palestine, the United Kingdom appointed a high commissioner and set up its own mandatory regime. The Fayçal-Weizmann Agreement of January 1919 was a short-lived agreement for Judeo-Arab cooperation in the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, which Fayçal had misunderstood as an Arab kingdom. [m] Fayçal treated Palestine differently in his presentation at the peace conference of 6 February 1919 and said: «Because of its universal nature, Palestine is left on a page for the mutual respect of all parties involved.» [62] [63] On 6 January 1920, Prince Faisal signed an agreement with French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau, who recognized «the right of Syrians to unite to govern themselves as an independent nation.» [58] On March 8, 1920, a pan-Syrian congress in Damascus declared it an independent state of Syria.