The Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) (Canada-Europe Trade Agreement) is a free trade agreement between Canada and the European Union.    It was applied on an interim basis and thus eliminated 98% of the existing tariffs between the two parties. The eu-Canada Sustainability Impact Assessment (EID), a three-part study commissioned by the European Commission to independent experts and completed in September 2011, provided an overall forecast of the impact of CETA.    It foresees a number of macroeconomic and sectoral impacts, indicating that in the long run the EU could see real GDP growth of 0.02 to 0.03% as a result of CETA, while it could increase from 0.18 to 0.36% in Canada; The «Investments» section of the report suggests that these figures could be higher when investment increases are taken into account. At the sectoral level, the study predicts that the strongest growth in production and trade will be driven by the liberalization of services and the removal of tariffs on sensitive agricultural products; it also proposes that CETA could have a positive social impact if it contains provisions on the ILO`s core labour standards and the Decent Work Agenda. The study describes a large number of effects in various «cross-cutting» components of CETA: it opposes the controversial NAFTA-style provisions of ISDS; provides for potentially unbalanced benefits of a chapter on public procurement (GP); assuming that CETA will lead to upward harmonization of intellectual property rules, including changes to Canada`s intellectual property laws; and foresees effects on competition policy and several other areas.  On October 18, 2013, Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper and European Commission President José Manuel Barroso signed an agreement in principle. Negotiations ended on 1 August 2014.  The trade agreement was formally presented on September 25, 2014 by Harper and Barroso at an EU-Canada summit at the Royal York Hotel in downtown Toronto.  The Canada Europe Roundtable for Business has served as a parallel trade process from the inception to the end of the CETA negotiations.
The proliferation of bilateral and regional free trade agreements around the world tends to distort world trade by favouring partner countries at the expense of third countries. However, there are also drawbacks for the EU. As Winters argues, the EU`s decision to pursue free trade agreements such as TTIP or CETA, instead of trying to revive the Doha Multilateral Round, is included in a less dynamic geographical area. It also excludes other countries and regions, notably China.22 In addition, trade flows are linked to the comprehensiveness of trade agreements, while the impact on beneficial effects is less simple. Chinese President Xi opens up to other trade and import agreements The ECJ ruling has made sustainable development one of the EU`s exclusive trade competences; However, it has also strengthened the role of national parliaments in the areas of foreign trade where Member States have shared competences, namely non-direct investment and the settlement of investment disputes.