However, the New England colonies had characteristics such as hills and grasslands, and land for agriculture had to be distributed equitably, so that each got a fair share of the land (Document E). Another difference between the New England and Chesapeake regions is why each was founded. As the «articles of the Springfield, Massachusetts Agreement of 1636» showed, the reason the colonies were established in New England was not to generate profit, but to disseminate their religious beliefs and express them freely. John Winthrop, the head of the colonies, said the New England colonies should be «like a town on a hill» or an example of goodness that everyone should follow. However, the Chesapeake colonies were created almost exclusively in the hope of finding gold (Document F). Burt, Henry M. The first century of Springfield history: official records from 1636 to 1736, with historical criticism and a biographical mention of Founder I (Springfield, Mass., 1898-1899) p. 129-134. In Salt Lake City (Utah) Family History Library, Call No 974.426/S1 N2b. Agaam, aka Agawam, This Fifteenth July 1636. Burning of Springfield by the Indians October 1675 The First Century of the History of Springfield; Official documents from 1636 to 1736; With historical criticism and biographical mention of the founders, by Henry M, Burt; Vol, I, pages 129-34. A good representation of the Indian attack. The pequot nation that invaded the invasion had restricted trade on the Connecticut River and driven many local Indians from their homes, but in 1636 the pequots were decimated.
However, the native Indians sought white men to protect themselves, especially against their old enemies from seeing the Mohawks (literally, those who animate things). They had already asked several groups to come and make colonies in the valley. Perhaps it was a motive like that, with the possibility of acting skins that led the Indians to Mr. Pynchon`s door. On May 14, 1636, Henry Smith wrote the agreement for the construction of the Springfield plantation. Only eight men signed it: William Pynchon, Mathew Mitchell, Henry Smith, Jehu Burr, William Blake, Edmund Wood, Thomas Ufford and John Cable. The agreement contained many items for the future government of the colony. The first mission was to bring in a minister, and this issue was dealt with as follows: two months later, William Pynchon, Henry Smith and Jehu Burr reached an agreement with the Indians to purchase land on both sides of Connecticut. When they signed the deed of sale, The Indians kept almost everything that is precious to fish all the way, hunt deer, collect nuts, acorns, sasachiminesh (cranberries) and have and enjoy all that cottinackeesh (kitkanakish, bottom of plantations or soil, which is now planted), were the cultivated fields where they insert their tobacco, corn, beans, pumpkins. Below the text of the agreement, but before the signings, the castle of Pynchon the agreement: We bear witness to the order above, al the first adventurers and sub-authors for the plantation. Two days later, on 16 May 1636, the eight signatories and four others who had joined them received the first land allocation. The original location on the west side of the river was abandoned as it was exposed to fresh discoveries that caused swampy soils, and a new location for the city was chosen on the east side.
Records show that in January, February and March 1666, numerous grants were granted for ponds adjacent to land owned by several individuals.